A look at the history of the negotiations between Israel and Lebanon provides some lessons. For both governments, the prospect of pragmatic, mutually beneficial agreements often seemed tempting, but mistrust and skepticism about the will and ability of others to deliver on their promises often lead to the disintegration of these agreements. However, the negotiations have been successful and an agreement that will be most likely to be reached once they have been closely focused on technical issues, have involved third parties as observers and have been supported by the majority of the Lebanese population and other regional powers. When the peace talks between Israel and Syria failed because of the way they withdrew to the Golan Heights, Barak decided to withdraw without agreement, leading many people, especially in the Arab world, to view this as a victory for Hezbollah, which waged a long guerrilla campaign against Israeli forces. As a result, Lebanon and Israel are formally at war and Lebanon officially refuses to recognize Israel as a state. The United Nations has acknowledged that Israel has completely disconnected from Lebanon, thus defying Lebanese claims for shebaa. Instead, the United Nations Party considers the Shebaa farms to be part of the Syrian Golan Heights, currently occupied by Israel pending a future peace agreement. The Syrian position on this issue remains somewhat complicated: the Syrian government supports Lebanese claims regarding the al-Shabaab, but refuses to provide maps that document Lebanese ownership of the territory. The agreement was signed on May 17, 1983 by William Drapper for the United States, David Kimche for Israel and Antoine Fattal for Lebanon. Lebanese President Amine Gemayel was recently elected by the Syrian Nationalist Social Party after the assassination of his brother, President-elect Bashir Gemayel, a long-time ally of Israel. Some Lebanese supported President Amin Gemayel and argued that his close relations with the United States could help establish peace and restore Lebanese sovereignty, which they saw threatened not only by the Israeli occupation, but also by the Syrian occupation.
Nevertheless, the limited debate on Lebanese social networks shows that few voices are rising to openly call for peace with Israel. Basic sentiment remains negative, or at least skeptical, of Lebanon`s southern neighbour, including that of a few young activists who are committed to democratic reforms. Lebanon is also involved. In 2019, it warned the pipeline consortium not to violate its maritime borders: the pipeline route crossed the territory that is still in conflict between Lebanon and Israel, which consider each other to be enemy states. Israel nevertheless approved an agreement with its European partners. The main themes of the negotiations were the end of the state of war between the countries, the implementation of security measures and the settlement of bilateral relations and mutual guarantees. On 17 May 1983, after five months of difficult and complex discussions, representatives of the three parties met to sign an agreement that should give the impression of normalization between the two countries and the beginning of an Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon within three months. The conditions were adopted by a large majority by Lebanon and the Knesset. Lebanon played a minor role in the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, where its army did not participate in the Battle of al-Malikiya until June 5 and 6, 1948. During Operation Hiram, Israel conquered 15 villages in southern Lebanon to the Litani River. While an Israeli general proposed to conquer Beirut, which he said could happen in twelve hours, the Prime Minister of Israel, David Ben-Gurion, refused permission.
The ceasefire agreement between Lebanon and Israel  was relatively simple. Unlike other ceasefire agreements, there was no clause that considers the Blue Line, as an international border between Lebanon and the former British mandate of Palestine (which had nothing to do with the current Palestinian government), to remain a de jure international border.